|The Internet of Things (IoT) can drive huge economic opportunities for industries and enable exciting innovations that reach across fields from childcare to eldercare, from hospitality to mining, from education to transport. Diverse IoT solutions – everything from remote monitoring, predictive maintenance and smart spaces to connected products and customer-facing technologies such as mobile apps – can reduce operational complexity, lower costs and speed up time to market.
With technology pundits and analysts predicting even more expansive use of IoT devices and apps in the future, along with ever-evolving devices, services and apps that touch the IoT space, organisations are often eager to take advantage of the business benefits.
While traditional information cybersecurity revolves around software and how it is implemented, IoT cybersecurity adds an extra layer of complexity as the cyber and the physical worlds converge. A wide range of operational and maintenance scenarios in the IoT space rely on end-to-end device connectivity to enable users and services to interact, log in, troubleshoot, send or receive data from devices. Companies may want to take advantage of IoT efficiencies such as predictive maintenance, for example, but knowing what security precautions to take is essential, because operational technology (OT) is too important and valuable to risk in the event of breaches, disasters and other threats.
||What’s the security concern with IoT?
Although IoT devices may seem too small or too specialised to be dangerous, there is real risk in what are really network-connected, general-purpose computers that can be hijacked by attackers. Even the most mundane device can become dangerous when compromised over the Internet – from spying with video baby monitors to interrupted services on life-saving health care equipment. Once attackers have control, they can steal data, disrupt delivery of services or commit any other cybercrime they’d do with a computer. Attacks that compromise IoT infrastructure inflict damage, not just with data breaches and unreliable operations, but also physical harm to the facilities, or worse – to the humans operating or relying on those facilities. ||Connected devices are constantly communicating with each other and the cloud using different kinds of wireless communication protocols. While communication creates responsive IoT applications, it can also expose IoT security vulnerabilities and open up channels for malicious actors or accidental data leaks. To protect users, devices, and companies, IoT devices must be secured and protected. The foundation of IoT security exists within the control, management, and set up of connections between devices. Proper protection helps keep data private, restricts access to devices and cloud resources, offers secure ways to connect to the cloud, and audits device usage. An IoT security strategy reduces vulnerabilities using policies like device identity management, encryption, and access control.|